Scientific Letter - October 2012

Scientific letter - Bonjour Southeast

Scientific letter - Bonjour Southeast

October 2012

Southeast France Events To Know Picture


-- width='35' height='25' />Edito


Dear friends,

On September 6, 2012, 30 worldwide articles have been published with the results of the international ENCODE project (ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements) (For more information in French). The major conclusion of this project is that 80% of the genome contains elements linked to biochemical functions, dispatching the widely held view that the human genome is mostly ’junk DNA’.

I would also like to highlight the new partnership between the Curie Institute (Paris, France) and Georgia Health Science University Cancer Center (Augusta, GA, USA). This partnership will facilitate exchanges of scientists and doctors between these two institutes, mostly focalising on immunotherapy, signalisation pathways in cancer cells, new therapeutics in hematology and oncology, neuro-oncology, radiotherapy and pediatric oncology.

In this month’s newsletter, you’ll discover that sometimes, cancer research leads to unattended discoveries: Duke scientists working on cancer unexpectedly found a new way to produce Nylon!

Have a good reading,

Juliane Halftermeyer, Deputy Scientific Attaché in Life Sciences


-- width='35' height='25' />Sciences in the Southeast USA


Scientific news from the Southeast USA

- Breakthrough in NanoTechnology, University of Central Florida (FL), 08/29/2012. GIF
A University of Central Florida assistant professor has developed a new material using nanotechnology, which could help keep pilots and sensitive equipment safe from destructive lasers.
>> Learn more

- Heavy drinking rewires brain, increasing susceptibility to anxiety problems, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (NC), 09/04/2012. GIF
Doctors have long recognized a link between alcoholism and anxiety disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). New research using mice reveals heavy alcohol use actually rewires brain circuitry, making it harder for alcoholics to recover psychologically following a traumatic experience.
>> Learn more

- Study tracks potential coverage gaps under Affordable Care Act, Vanderbilt University (TN), 09/13/2012. GIF
An analysis of Massachusetts’ health care reform program by a Vanderbilt researcher indicates insurance gaps may remain as the Affordable Care Act (ACA) expands insurance coverage beginning in 2014.
>> Learn more

- UAB study finds PARP inhibitors may have use in HER2+ breast cancer , University of Alabama Birmingham (AL), 09/17/2012. GIF
New research shows that a class of drugs with clinical activity in familial breast and ovarian cancers may be useful in treating women with another, aggressive disease subtype known as HER2-positive breast cancer.
>> Learn more

- Obesity is major contributor to heart disease, impediment to diagnosis and treatment, Georgia Health Science University (GA), 09/18/2012. GIF
Obesity is a major contributor to heart disease that substantially hinders the disease’s proper diagnosis and treatment, says a cardiologist researching the impact of obesity and weight loss on the heart.
>> Learn more

- Clemson marine biologist seeks genetic pearls in oyster DNA, Clemson University (SC), 09/19/2012. GIF
The drab shell of an oyster is complex and the animal that lives inside can adapt to stressful living conditions, according to a team of marine biologists, including a Clemson University researcher, that identified and catalogued the genes of the Pacific oyster.
>> Learn more

- Experiment in University of Florida laboratory corrects prediction in quantum theory, University of Florida (FL), 09/19/2012. GIF
An international team of scientists is rewriting a page from the quantum physics rulebook using a University of Florida laboratory once dubbed the coldest spot in the universe.
>> Learn more

- UGA researchers boost efficacy of drugs by using nanoparticles to target ‘powerhouse of cells’, University of Georgia (GA), 09/19/2012. GIF
Nanoparticles have shown great promise in the targeted delivery of drugs to cells, but researchers at the University of Georgia have refined the drug delivery process further by using nanoparticles to deliver drugs to a specific organelle within cells.
>> Learn more

- UMMC study in children considers how temperament can influence anxiety disorders, University of Mississippi Medical Center (MI), 09/20/2012. GIF
Medical Center researchers are exploring how children’s thinking styles, in particular the tendency to interpret situations as threatening, are influenced by their parents as well as their own temperaments.
>> Learn more

- Cancer Research Yields Unexpected New Way to Produce Nylon, Duke University (NC), 09/23/2012. GIF
In their quest for a cancer cure, researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute made a serendipitous discovery — a molecule necessary for cheaper and greener ways to produce nylon.
>> Learn more


-- width='35' height='25' />Sciences in France


Scientific news from France

- Weighing and Identifying Molecules One at a Time, also available in French, CEA, 08/29/2012. GIF GIF
Measurement is done with nanocomponents and can be used to identify particles and molecules in real time. There are numerous potential applications, particularly in medical diagnostics.
>> Learn more

- Cognitive decline: what if obesity speed it up? (only in French), Inserm, 09/06/2012. GIF
Following more than 6000 people in their fifties during 10 years, researchers discovered a link between obesity and speeding up of cognitive decline associated with ageing.
>> Learn more (only in French)

- Real-time observation of single DNA molecule repair, also available in French, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, 09/07/2012. GIF GIF
DNA is constantly being damaged by environmental agents such as ultraviolet light or certain compounds present in cigarette smoke. Cells unceasingly implement repair mechanisms for this DNA, which are of redoubtable efficacy. Scientists have for the first time managed to follow real-time the initial steps in one of these hitherto little known DNA repair systems.
>> Learn more

- Martian clays were not all formed by the action of liquid water, also available in French, CNRS, Université de Poitiers, 09/10/2012. GIF GIF
Discovered in 2005, the clays of the southern hemisphere of Mars are often considered to be evidence for the existence of liquid water on the planet at a period in the very distant past between 4.5 and 4 billion years ago. However, work carried out by a French-US team calls this interpretation into question.
>> Learn more

- Daytime storms more likely to develop over drier soils, also available in French, Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, 09/12/2012. GIF GIF
During the day, storms develop more frequently over drier land surfaces surrounded by wetter areas than elsewhere. This is the result of a study carried out by a European team using a statistical analysis of ten years’ worth of satellite data covering every continent.
>> Learn more

- How plant roots branch? (only in French), CNRS, INRA, Université Montpellier 2, Montpellier SupAgro, 09/17/2012. GIF
Continually, plant roots cross and branch to explore soil, looking for water and nutrients. Mechanisms at the heart of this growth are still poorly known but a French team from Montpellier collaborating with English and German scientists have just made an important breakthrough.
>> Learn more (only in French)

- Toward development of bisphenol A substitutes (only in French), Inserm, CNRS, 09/17/2012. GIF
Highly present throughout our domestic environment, bisphenol A (BPA) is suspected to induce hormonal effects in Humans. Inserm and CNRS researchers from Montpellier studied at the molecular level interactions between BPA, its derivatives and the oestrogen receptor, one of its main targets.
>> Learn more (only in French)

- A nitrene finally accessible to industry (only in French), CNRS, 09/21/2012. GIF
A nitrene, a chemical entity known for more than a century as a transient species, unstable and observable only at very low temperature, was isolated at room temperature.
>> Learn more (only in French)

- A step towards prevention of collagen linked diseases (only in French), CNRS, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 09/23/2012. GIF
A French-English team has just established the 3D structure of the finished end of procollagen, collagen precursor protein, one of the most abundant in organism.
>> Learn more (only in French)

- Hydrogen from water electrolysis without platinum (only in French), CEA, 09/2012. GIF
In the frame of the development of the hydrogen energy system, hydrogen production through water electrolysis requires efficient catalysts. As an alternative to platinum, rare and expensive, cobalt oxides have been proposed.
>> Learn more (only in French)


-- width='35' height='25' />Events



Emory University (Atlanta)
- October, 5th, 2:00pm to 3:00pm
‘The Dynamin Fission Machine’
- October, 24th, 4:00 to 5:30pm
‘Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells: Principles and Applications in Neurological Disorders’
Georgia State University (Atlanta)
- October, 16th, 12:00 to 1:00pm
‘Water Mysteries of the Georgia Aquarium’
Georgie Institute of Technology (Atlanta)
- October, 8th and 9th
‘Bio Industry Symposium’
- October, 10th to 12th
‘Society of Engineering Science Technical Meeting’
- October, 24th to 27th
‘2012 Annual Meeting for the Biomedical Engineering Society’


Florida Atlantic Universiy (Boca Raton)
- October, 3th to 8th
‘Group Theory, Combinatorics, and Computing’
Florida Institute of Technology (Melbourne)
- October, 9th, 10:00am to 5:00pm
‘Florida 2012 TechXpo’

North Carolina

Duke University (Duke)
- October, 4th, 9:00am to 5:00pm
‘18th Annual Duke Nicotine Research Conference’
- October, 4th, 5:00 to 6:00pm
‘Seminars in Women’s Cancer’
- October, 19th, 10:00am to 2:30pm
‘Fall Clinical Science Day 2012’
East Carolina University (Greenville)
- October, 2nd, 7:00 to 8:30pm
‘Voyages of Discovery: "Secrets in the Sands: Revelations Into How We Became Human"’
- October, 22th, 4:30 to 5:45pm
‘History of the Health Sciences Presentation : “Hunter Holmes McGuire: Much More than Stonewall Jackson’s Surgeon”’
University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill)
- October 29th to November 2nd
‘Water and Health Conference: Science, Policy and Innovation’
University of North Carolina (Greensboro)
- October 5th to 7th
‘International Conference on Advances in Interdisciplinary Statistics and Combinatorics’


University of Tennessee Health Science Center (Memphis)
- October, 18th, 8:00am to 12:00pm
‘Placebo-controlled Trials: Are They Ethical?’
University of Tennessee (Knoxville)
- October, 5th, 12:00 to 1:00pm
‘Yellowstone’s Hot Bacteria and the Future of Biofuels’
- October, 25th, 3:30 to 5:00pm
‘Baker Forum on Energy and the Environment’
Vanderbilt University (Nashville)
- October, 3rd, 12:00 to 1:00pm
‘"Think Right and Think Left: Using Zebrafish to Understand the Development of Brain Asymmetry"?’
- October, 8th, 12:05 to 12:55pm
‘"Energy and Environmental Policy at a Crossroads: The 2012 Election," a talk by Juliet Eilperin’
- October, 26th , 7:00am to 8:00am
‘34th Annual Leonard W. Edwards Lecture: "Pancreatic Cancer: Recent Progress and Hope for the Future"’
- October, 29th
‘Vanderbilt Valve Symposium: 21st Century Techniques for Complex Valve Procedures’

South Carolina

Clemson University (Clemson)
- October, 4th, 1:00pm
‘Advances in CFD Modeling for Novel IC Engine Concepts’
- October, 5th, 8:30am to 5:00pm
‘Write Winning Grant Proposals’


-- width='35' height='25' />Good to Know


My individual development plan

After having put a lot of time and effort into pursuing a PhD degree, it’s now time to focus on how to leverage your expertise into a satisfying and productive career. An individual development plan (IDP) helps you explore career possibilities and set goals to follow the career path that fits you best.
>>Do your IDP GIF

Call for French-US Projects in Computational Neuroscience

ANR, NSF and NIH in the United States launch a call for French-US research projects in computational neuroscience.
Computational neuroscience is inclusively defined, encompassing a broad range of computational and biological goals and approaches.
French-US collaborations (at least one French partner and one US partner) are expected to take advantage of complementary expertise, enabling the collaborating investigators to pursue innovative research approaches and make significant advances on important and challenging issues.
>>Learn more, also available in French GIF GIF

Professor and lecturer qualifications - 2013

The application GALAXIE / qualification is open. Deadline for candidatures for positions of professor or lecturer is 25 October 2012, 4:00pm (Paris time).
The 2013 calendar is available.
>>Learn more, only in French. GIF

France-Atlanta 2012

For the last two years now, the Consulate General of France in Atlanta and the Georgia Institute of Technology have presented a series of multidisciplinary events centered on innovation and designed to breathe new life into the French-American cooperation in the U.S. Southeast: France-Atlanta.
Encouraged by the success of the last two editions, the Consulate General of France in Atlanta and the Georgia Institute of Technology have decided to make this initiative an annual event, a French-American rendez-vous. France-Atlanta 2012 will be held on October 25-November 10.
To consult the 2012 brochure, please click the PDF document below :

PDF - 2.2 Mb
(PDF - 2.2 Mb)

>>Learn more GIF


-- width='35' height='25' />Picture of the Month


Clar’s sextets revealed

IBM Research - Zurich
A nanographene molecule exhibiting carbon-carbon bonds of different length and bond order imaged by noncontact atomic force microscopy using a carbon monoxide functionalized tip. This molecule was synthesized at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in Toulouse.

Researchers of the IBM-Zurich Research laboratory, of the CIQUS-Santiago de Compostela and of the NanoSciences Group –CEMES-CNRS Toulouse, have been able to differentiate the chemical bonds in individual molecules for the first time using a technique known as non-contact atomic force microscopy (AFM).
The results push the exploration of using molecules and atoms at the smallest scale and could be important for studying graphene devices, which are currently being explored by both industry and academia for applications including high-bandwidth wireless communication and electronic displays.
For more information : Clar’s sextets revealed, also available in French

Edited by Juliane Halftermeyer, Deputy Scientific Attaché in Life Sciences, designed by Clémentine Bernon, Deputy Cultural Attaché
(c) Consulate General of France in Atlanta
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Last modified on 01/10/2012

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